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[453] Romania's home ground is the Arena Națională in Bucharest. [424], Pork, chicken, and beef are the preferred types of meat, but lamb and fish are also quite popular. The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. [472], Romania's 306 all-time Summer Olympics medals would rank 12th most among all countries, while its 89 gold medals would be 14th most. Artizanat traditional romanesc. After the Romanian Revolution, large numbers of Romanians emigrated to New York and Los Angeles.[13]. [87][88] A high-ranking royal official, styled voivode, ruled the Transylvanian counties from the 1170s, but the Székely and Saxon seats (or districts) were not subject to the voivodes' authority. [467] In present-day Cristina Neagu is the most notable player and has a record four IHF World Player of the Year awards. [395] As of 2013[update], the emigration rate of doctors was 9%, higher than the European average of 2.5%. [125][126] The Uniate bishop, Inocențiu Micu-Klein who demanded recognition of the Romanians as the fourth privileged nation was forced into exile. [16] It has the world's 45th largest economy by nominal GDP, with an annual economic growth rate of 3.5% as of 2020. [428][429] Traditional alcoholic beverages also include wine, rachiu, palincă and vișinată, but beer consumption has increased dramatically over recent years. [101][102] A military commander of Romanian origin, John Hunyadi, organised the defence of the Kingdom of Hungary until his death in 1456. Romanian Americans are distributed throughout the U.S., with concentrations found in the Midwest, such as in the states of Michigan, Ohio, and Illinois; the Northeast, in New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware, as well as California (Los Angeles and Sacramento). The time in Romania is now 12:47:17am Calling Romania from the United States explained: 011 - US exit code; dial first for international calls made from the USA or Canada [131], Mihail Kogălniceanu, Nicolae Bălcescu and other leaders of the 1848 revolutions in Moldavia and Wallachia demanded the emancipation of the peasants and the union of the two principalities, but Russian and Ottoman troops crushed their revolt. [132][133] The Wallachian revolutionists were the first to adopt the blue, yellow and red tricolour as the national flag. [344], The nuclear physics facility of the European Union's proposed Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) laser will be built in Romania. [363], According to the Constitution, local councils ensure linguistic rights to all minorities, with localities with ethnic minorities of over 20%, that minority's language can be used in the public administration, justice system, and education. [341] In 2018, however, Romania lost its voting rights in the ESA due to a failure to pay €56.8 million in membership contributions to the agency. [103] Increasing taxes outraged the Transylvanian peasants, and they rose up in an open rebellion in 1437, but the Hungarian nobles and the heads of the Saxon and Székely communities jointly suppressed their revolt. [7] Samuel Damian's name appears as far back as 1748, when he placed an advertisement in the South Carolina Gazette announcing the electrical demonstrations he planned to give and inviting the public to attend. In 2006, according to the Romanian Statistics Office, GDP growth in real terms was recorded at 7.7%, one of the highest rates in Europe. It shares land borders with Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east and has its opening to the Black Sea. [213] In 2019, Iohannis was re-elected president in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă. The largest ethnic minorities are the Hungarians, 6.1% of the population, and the Roma, 3.0% of the population. [201], In 1965, Nicolae Ceaușescu came to power and started to conduct the country's foreign policy more independently from the Soviet Union. [249], The Constitution of Romania is based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic and was approved in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 and amended in October 2003 to bring it into conformity with EU legislation. Romanian Americans are Americans who have Romanian ancestry. There were also several Romanian soldiers who fought in the Spanish–American War in 1898. The most common causes of death are cardiovascular diseases and cancer. [105], The Kingdom of Hungary collapsed, and the Ottomans occupied parts of Banat and Crișana in 1541. Cold and strained during the early post-war period, U.S. bilateral relations with Romania began to improve in the early 1960s with the signing of an agreement providing for partial settlement of American property claims. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. [396], The topic of the origin of Romanian culture began to be discussed by the end of the 18th century among the Transylvanian School scholars. 3 Yugoslav Americans are the American people from the former Yugoslavia. [89] Royal charters wrote of the "Vlachs' land" in southern Transylvania in the early 13th century, indicating the existence of autonomous Romanian communities. Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. Its larger urban zone has a population of almost 2.2 million,[374] which are planned to be included into a metropolitan area up to 20 times the area of the city proper. The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. Care este povestea "Campioanei Provinciei, "FC Petrolul – UTA Arad/Duelul celor zece titluri! [223][224] However, Romania's development suffered a major setback during the late-2000s' recession leading to a large gross domestic product contraction and a budget deficit in 2009. [144] Ethnic Romanian politicians sharply opposed the Hungarian government's attempts to transform Hungary into a national state, especially the laws prescribing the obligatory teaching of Hungarian. The post–1989 period is also characterised by the fact that most of the former industrial and economic enterprises which were built and operated during the Communist period were closed, mainly as a result of the policies of privatisation of the post–1989 regimes. [179] Most of the Jewish population of Moldavia, Wallachia, Banat and Southern Transylvania survived,[180] but their fundamental rights were limited. [95][96] Basarab I of Wallachia united the Romanian polities between the southern Carpathians and the Lower Danube in the 1310s. "I saved four penalties to win the European Cup... but it was my last ever game, "Victor Piţurcă. [137] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. [129] Taking advantage of the Greek War of Independence, a Wallachian lesser nobleman, Tudor Vladimirescu, stirred up a revolt against the Ottomans in January 1821, but he was murdered in June by Phanariot Greeks. [385], Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, University of Bucharest, and West University of Timișoara have been included in the QS World University Rankings' top 800. The largest Romanian American community is in the state of New York. [317] The number of tourists has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2016, according to the Worldbank. [265], The Romanian Armed Forces consist of land, air, and naval forces led by a Commander-in-chief under the supervision of the Ministry of National Defence, and by the president as the Supreme Commander during wartime. According to the 2017 American Community Survey, 478,278 Americans indicated Romanian as their first or second ancestry. [391] It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operative medical care, and provides free or subsidised medicine for a range of diseases. [243], The fauna of Romania consists of 33,792 species of animals, 33,085 invertebrate and 707 vertebrate,[243] with almost 400 unique species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians,[244] including about 50% of Europe's (excluding Russia) brown bears[245] and 20% of its wolves. French Roumanie, German and Swedish Rumänien, Spanish Rumania (the archaic form Rumanía is still in use in Spain), Polish Rumunia, Russian Румыния (Rumyniya), and Japanese ルーマニア (Rūmania). [346] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. Foreign citizens and stateless persons who live in Romania have access to justice and education in their own language. [350] As of 2009[update], there were also approximately 133,000 immigrants living in Romania, primarily from Moldova and China. [359] For example, in 1990, 96,919 Romanians permanently settled abroad. [16] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 69% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. [155][156] Peace treaties with Austria, Bulgaria and Hungary delineated the new borders in 1919 and 1920, but the Soviet Union did not acknowledge the loss of Bessarabia. [191] Thus, they rapidly established themselves as the dominant political force. [142] The Congress also granted the Danube Delta and Dobruja to Romania. [248] Precipitation is average, with over 750 mm (30 in) per year only on the highest western mountains, while around Bucharest it drops to approximately 570 mm (22 in). Cities have so many things to do so also Europa League semi-finalists in 2006 was formed in the 6th BC... Time zone and DST [ 117 ] the cities have so many to. 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